Despite the European Commission`s stated commitment to greater transparency, the agreement was negotiated without the participation of civil society and the legislature, particularly in the Mercosur countries. No discussions on the clauses were opened and no studies were presented on the impact of this agreement on different sectors during the negotiations that followed 2011. While some consolidated chapters were published in July, there is no news on the negotiations on the unfinished chapters. Such a lack of transparency undermines democratic values. The agreement is expected to lead to a huge increase in Brazilian beef exports to all EU countries.   Under the agreement, the EU will open its markets to a quota of up to 99,000 tonnes of beef per year, at a preferential duty rate of 7.5%.  Farmers across the EU are opposed to this, especially small farmers who fear being underestimated in terms of price.  The COPA-COGECA union, which represents 23 million farmers across the EU, warned that the deal « will go down in history as a very dark moment. »  The Irish Farmers` Association condemned the deal as « shameful and weak balances ».  Following the adoption and publication, on July 1, 2019, of the « agreement in principle » of 17 parties, 29 unfinished texts of chapters and annexes of the trade agreement were published in July and September, with the exclusion of liability, that they « have been published only for information purposes and may be subject to further amendments, including as a result of the legal review process ».
The main plans for the liberalization of goods, services and investment have not yet been published.  In the meantime, negotiations on the other parts of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement continued and concluded on 18 June 2020 with an agreement on the pillars of political dialogue and political cooperation, the preamble and the institutional and final provisions.  This text has not yet been published by the official authorities, but has been disclosed by Greenpeace.  Greenpeace denounced the fact that obligations to protect nature or combat the climate emergency, as defined in the UNFCC Paris Agreement, are not included in the conditions under which one of the parties can sanction the other in a partisan manner or suspend the agreement.  Together, these regions account for 25% of global GDP and a combined market of 780 million people – 10% of the world`s population. . . .