The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. In order to launch the lasting peace process, the two governments agreed that Indian and Pakistani forces will be withdrawn from their side of the international border. The line of control between Jammu and Kashmir should be the same as on December 17, 1971. The two countries would respect the international border and the withdrawal of the armies would be completed within 30 days of the implementation of the agreement. On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla Agreement are as follows: the agreement reaffirmed that efforts will be made to put an end as much as possible to all those disputes and disputes that, over the past 25 years, have resulted in differences between the two countries. The two governments also agreed to take all measures in their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other. (iii) Resignations shall commence from the entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within thirty days.  The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to « end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations. » It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.
   The immediate result of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the majority leader of West Pakistan, took power on December 20, 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54 percent of its population and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were held by India. Therefore, the first challenges of the new government were to resolve the state of emergency and solve the problem of prisoners of war as quickly as possible. .