The agreement contained several constitutional amendments that came into force after President Hrawi signed in September 1990. As for the main changes, according to As`ad AbuKhalil and many Lebanese Christians, the agreement has sharply reduced presidential power in favor of the Council of Ministers, although there is an ongoing debate about whether this power has been transferred to the Council as a whole or to the Prime Minister. The president, who had considerable executive power before the deal, was reduced to a figurehead with no real and/or considerable power, as in most parliamentary republics. He also pointed out that the agreement had extended the mandate of the spokesman of the Lebanese Parliament from one year to four years, although the position « remains largely devoid of significant authority. »  The Taif agreement attempted to exercise the sovereignty of the Lebanese state over its internationally recognized territory and therefore had the provisions for the withdrawal of troops. At the time of signing the agreement, Syria had about 40,000 troops in Lebanon, who controlled about 65 percent of the country. Israel had a force of 1,500 to 3,000 in southern Lebanon in the so-called « security » zone. Israel had also relocated some 200,000 of its 2.7 million inhabitants to the controlled area. [fn] Sandra M. Saseen, « The Taif Accord and Lebanon`s Struggle to Regain Its Sovereignty, » American University Journal of International Law and Policy 6, No. 1 (1990): 57, footnotes 2, 3. [/efn_note] Syria had accepted the principle of a possible withdrawal of troops from all Lebanese territory, but this withdrawal did not take place in 1989. Similarly, Israel has continued its occupation.
8. In agreement with the Prime Minister, adopt the decree establishing the cabinet. 6. On 24 May 2000, Israel completely withdrew its troops from southern Lebanon.3 .